March 17, 2022

How to Get Residence Permit in Poland

The attractiveness of the Polish residence permit, which is also called the Pole’s Card, is that, unlike other EU countries, it is much easier to obtain it. The advantages of such a status are obvious: moving around the Schengen area without additional paperwork and visas. Most residence permit in Poland, issued under a certain conditions, imply the opportunity not only to live, but also to work.

Residents are provided with various social benefits, medical care and education. For Russians and Belarusians, there is a huge potential to improve their standard of living through employment in a well-paid job or business organization. Those who have no problems with the law and are not included in the SIS lists can count on a Polish residence permit.

Consideration for the issuance of a residence permit in Poland is carried out within 3-4 months. But due to bureaucracy and paperwork, this time can stretch for six months, if not more. The disadvantages include the fact that in the process of considering the applicant’s case, some documents may be lost. Immigrants note the inconvenience in terms of shopping, as shopping centers and shops are closed on Sundays. Despite the high level of medicine, getting to the doctor and getting an appointment is quite difficult.

Required Documents for Obtaining a Residence Permit in Poland

In order to legally come to the country and apply for a residence permit in Poland, you will need to choose the most suitable basis for moving. There are several of them and all have certain differences:

  • Acquisition of the Pole’s Card;
  • Studying at a university;
  • Employment;
  • Business immigration;
  • Family reunification;
  • Obtaining refugee status;
  • Marriage with a Polish Citizen.

Getting the Pole’s Card (Permanent Residency Card)

The Pole’s Card is provided to those persons who have Polish roots and can provide the necessary evidence. This is the easiest way to legally move to the country and get a residence permit in Poland. Not only that, after a year of stay on the territory of the state, you can get a passport and apply for citizenship. Also, the Pole’s Card provides the following privileges to its owner:

  • A long-term visa is issued free of charge and gives the right to cross the border many times.
  • You can get a job without additional documents.
  • The children of the cardholder can study free of charge in public institutions and, if they perform well, receive a scholarship.
  • You can register your business and enjoy the same rights as the natives.
  • The state, if necessary, provides various benefits, discounts and other privileges.

You will need to collect the following package of documents:

  • the passport;
  • international passport;
  • an application written by the submitter’s hand;
  • fresh photo in color;
  • documents that confirm the existence of family ties with the Poles.

To purchase a Pole’s card, you will need to make an appointment in advance for an interview at the consulate, indicating personal data, phone number and place of residence in Poland. It should be noted that for Belarusians and Russians without knowledge of the Polish language, the likelihood of obtaining a residence permit is reduced. This will be evidence that a person really strives to become a citizen of Poland. After passing the interview, a declaration of belonging to the people of Poland is signed and after 3 months you can pick up the finished document. According to the Pole’s card, a migrant can live for 10 years with its subsequent renewal. In order for all possible privileges to become available, it must be presented along with a foreign passport.


A student enrolled in a Polish university can apply for a residence permit in Poland for one year with an extension until graduation. It is beneficial for foreigners to enter a Polish university, because paying for tuition is somewhat lower than in other European countries, but the quality of education is no worse. Students who have received a residence permit in Poland are provided with the following benefits:

  • It is possible to travel without visas within the EU countries.
  • They listen to lectures not only in Polish, but also in English.
  • Some universities do not require entrance exams.
  • Students are allowed to work in parallel with their studies, but not more than 20 hours a week.

If there is a Pole’s Card, then the student can apply for free education. As additional documents, a certificate from the university is required, confirming the student’s enrollment in the course and financial independence. The advantage of moving through studies is that the last 3 years of residence in the country are counted towards the period for obtaining permanent residence.


Obtaining a residence permit in Poland for employment is the most popular way to move to the country. A weighty reason for issuing a visa and granting status is an official invitation from the employer. After a decision is made by the migration department, a permit for a residence permit in Poland is issued for 6 months with the possibility of extending for a year. Waiting for the permit itself can drag on for six months or a year, but no more.

It is recommended not to leave the country until the status of a residence permit has been obtained. There is a simplified procedure for obtaining a residence permit in Poland on a blue card. A prerequisite is the high qualification of a potential employee and proven work experience in this field.

Issued for 3 years, but with a margin of 3 months after the end of the contract of employment. Residence permit for employment is canceled, if the bull owner is fired from his place of work and has not found a new job for himself within a month. You will need to prepare documents:

  • Job offer from employer.
  • Service fee payment.
  • Medical insurance and a health certificate confirming the absence of dangerous or contagious diseases.
  • A package of required documents.

Applicant must pay service fees, insurance, travel and quarantine deposit.


A residence permit in Poland is issued through a business for a year with a permanent extension of up to 5 years. However, in order to organize and launch your project, you will need to fulfill the necessary conditions established by government agencies:

  • The business owner must provide a business plan.
  • The firm must make a profit, and taxes must be paid without delay.
  • Mandatory is the official employment of two or more Poles.
  • Deposit authorized capital into the company’s account. The amount of the contribution depends on what direction the company is engaged in. The minimum contribution is 1200 euros to open an LLC.

With active investment in the country’s economy, it is also realistic to get a residence permit in Poland. The amount should be from 500,000 dollars, and in this case it is not necessary to employ Poles. The application is considered within 4 weeks. While the application is being considered, the applicant can work. The state does not restrict foreigners in choosing a field of activity. You will need to prepare the following documents:

  • Completely Filled Up Application Form;
  • Photo;
  • International passport;
  • Confirmation of income;
  • Insurance policy;
  • Proof of residence in Poland;
  • Confirmation of the authorities for a residence permit for business immigration.

The stamp duty is PLN 340.

Family reunion

Legal spouses, children and parents of those who live in the state can count on obtaining a residence permit in Poland in this way. To do this, you will need to provide a marriage certificate and a birth certificate for children, as well as a certificate of no problems with the law. Retirees can also move under the family reunification program, but will need to prove the need for care for them, the availability of housing and financial solvency.

What does temporary resident status give?

It is legal to be in the country, work and study.

Visit the Schengen countries for up to 3 months. Benefits and social benefits in the educational and medical fields. You must pay a state fee of PLN 340.

Refugee status

The Polish authorities are ready to provide a Polish residence permit to persons who are persecuted in their native country, infringe on their rights and harass. Be sure to document the harassment at home. The status is issued for a year with a subsequent extension. After permanent residence in the country for 5 years, the refugee is granted permanent residence for an indefinite period. The application must be submitted personally to the voivodeship at the place of residence and no later than the last day of the official stay in the country. If the applicant is a minor, then the application is submitted by his guardians.

It is obligatory to pay stamp duty in the amount of PLN 640 and payment of a residence permit in the amount of PLN 50. You will need to prepare documents:

  • Statement.
  • Photo in color, 4 pcs.
  • Identity document.

If there are no documents, then the applicant will be called for an interview and the provision of the necessary paper within 7 days. The term for consideration of the application is up to 3 months.


The host party must have citizenship or permanent residence. In this case, a residence permit in Poland is granted not only to spouses, but also to minor children, including adopted ones. Additional documents are the following:

  • Marriage document.
  • Evidence showing family ties.
  • Proof of citizenship of one of the spouses.

Registration of the card lasts about 2 months, but can take up to six months. To avoid standing in queues, it is best to send documents by mail. The applicant must receive a notification of acceptance of the package of documents for work within 2 weeks after the application. If there are not enough documents, you will also receive a notification. The answer will come in a letter. If the applicant was refused, then he needs to leave the country within a month. In case of a positive answer, you need to come to the Voivodeship and provide biometric data to receive a residence card.

How to get a residence permit in Poland?

The initial residence permit in Poland is granted for a period of 1 to 3 years. You can extend it if at the time of filing the application the basis for the move remained relevant. A visa is pre-arranged at the Polish consulate. It should be noted that the migrant must have housing on the territory of Poland, and it does not matter whether it is rented or own. But the presence of residential real estate does not guarantee the automatic receipt of a residence permit. Required documents:

  • International passport.
  • Application for permanent residence in writing.
  • Photo in color.
  • Receipt of payment of the consular fee.
  • Insurance policy.
  • A bank statement that confirms the financial solvency of the applicant.
  • A paper confirming the reasons for moving to the country (an agreement with a university, a contract with a company, etc.).

Terms of Registration and Validity of a Residence Permit in Poland

A residence permit in Poland is issued within a month, but its issuance may be delayed depending on the reasons chosen for the move. The initial permit is granted for a year or two with the possibility of renewal. In total, it is necessary to live with a temporary residence permit for 5 years, and only after this period you can apply for permanent residence. Consideration of the application can last from 45 days to 9 months. The term depends on the voivodship in which the issue will be resolved. Within two weeks, a residence card is being prepared. All this time the applicant is in Poland legally, but it is not recommended to cross the borders.


It is mandatory to pay stamp duty in the amount of PLN 340 for all categories of persons, except for those who are registered for employment. They will have to pay 440 PLN. The card fee is PLN 50.

How to Extend a Residence Permit in Poland?

A residence permit in Poland can be extended if the grounds on which the move was made are preserved. The package of documents corresponds to the same list that had to be collected when obtaining the primary status. The review period can also be long, so you need to submit documents long before the end of the primary status. It is best to contact the office in your voivodship and clarify the maximum deadline for submitting documents. For Russians and Belarusians, there is the following procedure for extending status:

  • Collection of documents.
  • Submission to the migration department. You must pre-register for an appointment.
  • Checking and acceptance of documents.
  • Waiting for a decision. The review status can be tracked.
  • If the decision is positive, then pay for the production of the card and come on the appointed day to receive it.

Can they refuse and what to do?

An extension may be denied. If the applicant finds violations in the system of paying taxes or issuing medical insurance, then this is a good reason for refusing to renew the Polish residence permit. Voivodeships are required by law to submit requests for verification of applicants themselves, but are generally reluctant to do so. Therefore, a person will be required to independently convey the necessary documents. The main problem is that the need to report papers may not be reported in advance.

After receiving an official letter of rejection of a residence permit in Poland, the applicant can stay in the country for 30 days. Experts recommend filing an appeal. There are 2 weeks for this and the countdown starts from the moment the notification is received by mail. The result of the appeal can be expected within a year and a half. The second option after the refusal is to submit documents for the Stay Card again. If the visa has expired, an appeal is filed within 14 days. Common reasons for rejection are:

  • Insufficiency of documents.
  • Wrong design.
  • Late receipt of letters by mail.
  • Fake data.
  • The migration service specialist could not get through to the applicant.

Benefits of Residence Permit in Poland

Having received a residence permit in Poland, a foreigner receives the following benefits: the opportunity to live, study and work in a European country. You can also organize your business not only on the territory of the country, but subsequently outside it in any state of Europe to open a subsidiary. There is no need to apply for a visa to travel within the Schengen area.

Moreover, you can stay in other countries for up to 3 months. Holders of a Polish residence permit have the right, on an equal basis with other citizens, to be treated in public institutions, to buy real estate and other property. If all conditions and laws are met, an immigrant has every chance of obtaining permanent residence and citizenship. It also simplifies the procedure for obtaining visas to countries such as England, America, Canada, etc.

Poland is an economically developed country, which residents of many third world countries aspire to enter. There are a lot of legal ways to get a residence permit in Poland, it is only important to collect the package of documents correctly and as fully as possible. Collecting such a package of documents is quite long and laborious, so many people turn to qualified specialists for help. Accompaniment by specialists is carried out from the beginning of the applicant’s application to the organization and until its complete registration in the desired country.

You can contact us if you need our help to get your Residence Permit in Poland.

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